.United States Army Service Medals Page 3.




Army of Occupation of Germany and Japan Medal

Army of Occupation Medal


Established by order of President Harry Truman, in 1946.

A warded to members of the U.S. Army
and Air Force (1948) for 30 days or more consecutive service in the Occupation Forces or for participation in the Berlin Airlift, from 26 Jun 1948 to 30 Sep 1949, inclusive; when otherwise not eligible.

Occupation Zone limits:

  • Austria --
  • Berlin --
  • Germany --

09 May 1945-02 Jul 1955
09 May 1945-02 Oct 1990
09 May 1945-02 Jul 1955
  • Italy --
  • Japan --
  • Korea --
09 May 1945-15 Sep 1947
03 Sep 1945-27 Apr 1952
03 Sep 1945-29 Jun 1949


The Japan Clasp , the Germany Clasp , and the Berlin Airlift Device are all
authorized for wear on the suspension ribbon.
 

Designed by Thomas Hudson Jones, The Institute of Heraldry, U.S. Army.

 



Medal for Humane Action

Medal for Humane Action

Authorized by Congress and signed into law by President Harry Truman, 20 Jul 1949.

Awarded to personnel for service of at least 120 days, during the period 26 Jun 1948 to 30 Sep 1949,
within the boundaries of the Berlin Airlift Operations
while participating in, or in direct support of, the Berlin Airlift.
 

Designed by Thomas Hudson Jones, The Institute of Heraldry, U.S. Army.

 



National Defense Service Medal

National Defense Service Medal

Established by order of President Dwight Eisenhower, in 1953.

Awarded for honorable active service of any length, during the National Emergencies, from:

          • 27 Jun 1950 to 27 Jul 1954 (Korean War),
          • 01 Jan 1961 to 14 Aug 1974 (Cuban Crisis & Vietnam War),
          • 02 Aug 1990 to 30 Nov 1995 (Persian Gulf War),
          • 11 Sep 2001 to DBA (Global War on Terrorism).

Persons on active duty for reasons other than 'extended active duty' are not eligible.
Subsequent awards are designated by 3/16-inch bronze Service Stars.


  ON 28 MAR 2003, PRESIDENT GEORGE W. BUSH SIGNED AN AMENDMENT TO EXECUTIVE ORDER 10448, THAT EXTENDS THE ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA FOR AWARD OF THE NATIONAL DEFENSE SERVICE MEDAL (NDSM) TO MEMBERS OF THE SELECTED RESERVE OF THE ARMED FORCES OF THE UNITED STATES IN GOOD STANDING DURING THE PERIOD BEGINNING 11 SEP 2001 TO A DATE TO BE DETERMINED.

EFFECTIVE IMMEDIATELY, COMMANDERS ARE AUTHORIZED TO AWARD THE NDSM TO QUALIFIED PERSONNEL BASED UPON THE EXTENDED CRITERIA USING THIS MESSAGE;

(DTG  MAY 2003,
FROM: CDRPERSCOM ALEXANDRIA VA//TAPC-PDO-PA,
TO: AIG 7406,
INFO: ARSTAF, UNCLASSIFIED,
SUBJECT: EXTENDED CRITERIA FOR THE NATIONAL DEFENSE SERVICE MEDAL)

AS THE AUTHORITY.  PERMANENT ORDERS ARE NOT, REPEAT, ARE NOT REQUIRED. 

UNIT COMMANDERS ARE RESPONSIBLE FOR THE ORIGINAL ISSUE OF MEDALS.
FOR REQUISITION PURPOSES, THE NATIONAL STOCK NUMBER FOR THE NDSM IS 8455-00-281-3214.

 

Designed by Thomas Hudson Jones, The Institute of Heraldry, U.S. Army.

 



Korean Service Medal

Korean Service Medal

Established by order of President Harry Truman, in Nov 1950.

Awarded to members of the U.S. Armed Forces for service
in the
Korean Theater of Operations from 30 Jun 1949 to 27 Jul 1954.

The bronze Arrowhead Device may be worn to denote actual participation in a
combat parachute jump, helicopter assault landing, or amphibious assault landing.

One 3/16-inch bronze Service Star may be worn for each campaign;
one silver Service Star in lieu of five bronze:

• United Nations Defensive --
• United Nations Offensive --
• Communist Chinese Fcs Intervention --
27 Jun - 15 Sep 1950
16 Sep - 02 Nov 1950
03 Nov 1950-24 Jan 1951
• 1st United Nations Counteroffensive --
• Communist Chinese Fcs Spring Offensive --
• United Nations Summer-Fall Offensive --
25 Jan - 21 Apr 1951
22 Apr - 08 Jul 1951
09 Jul - 27 Nov 1951
• 2nd Korean Winter --
• Korea, Summer-Fall 1952 --
• 3rd Korean Winter --
28 Nov 1951-30 Apr 1952
01 May - 30 Nov 1952
01 Dec 1952-30 Apr 1953
• Korea, Summer 1953 -- 01 May - 27 Jul 1953

 

Designed by Thomas Hudson Jones, The Institute of Heraldry, U.S. Army.

 



Antarctica Service Medal

Antarctica Service Medal

Authorized by Congress and signed into law by President Dwight Eisenhower, 07 Jul 1960.

Awarded for service on the Antarctic Continent
or in support of U.S. operations there,
subsequent to 01 Jan 1946.

Eligibility as follows:

  • U.S. Armed Forces or civilians who participate in scientific direct support
  • exploratory operations,
  • U.S. Armed Forces aircraft crews flying to and from the Continent,
  • U.S. Armed Forces ship crews operating south of Latitude 60° South, in support of U.S. operations.


  • The following commemorative medals were declared obsolete and replaced by the Antarctica Service Medal:

    - Byrd Antarctic Expedition Medal
    - Second Byrd Antarctic Expedition Medal
    - United States Antarctic Expedition Medal


Designed by The Institute of Heraldry, U.S. Army.

 



Armed Forces Expeditionary Medal

Armed Forces Expeditionary Medal

Established by order of President John Kennedy, 14 Dec 1961.

Awarded for service in military operations

for which no other service or campaign medal has been authorized.


The bronze Arrowhead Device may be worn to denote actual participation in a
combat parachute jump, helicopter assault landing, or amphibious assault landing.


Subsequent awards are designated by 3/16-inch bronze Service Stars;
one 3/16-inch silver service star in lieu of five bronze:

• Lebanon --
• Vietnam --
01 Jul - 01 Nov 1958
01 Jul 1958-03 Jul 1965
(AFEM earned for Vietnam service prior to 04 Jul 1965 may be exchanged for
VSM
,
but may not revert back to AFEM or wear both.)
• Taiwan Straits --
• Quemoy & Matsu Islands --
• Congo --
23 Aug 1958-01 Jan 1959
23 Aug 1958-01 Jun 1963
14 Jul 1960-01 Sep 1962
• Laos --
• Berlin --
• Cuba --
19 Apr 1961-07 Oct 1962
14 Aug 1961-01 Jun 1963
24 Oct 1962-01 Jun 1963
• Congo --
• Dominican Republic --
• Korea --
23 - 27 Nov 1964
28 Apr 1965-21 Sep 1966
01 Oct 1966-30 Jun 1974
(KDSM is authorized, in addition to the AFEM.)
• Cambodia-Vietnam Support Operations --
• Thailand-Cambodia Support Operations --
29 Mar - 15 Aug 1973
29 Mar - 15 Aug 1973
[Only in 'Direct Support' of Cambodia]
• Operation EAGLE PULL --
• Operation FREQUENT WIND --
• Operation MAYAGUEZ --
11 - 13 Apr 1975 [Cambodia]
29 - 30 Apr 1975
[Evacuation of Saigon]
15 May 1975
• El Salvador --
• Lebanon --
• Operation URGENT FURY --
01 Jan 1981-01 Feb 1992
01 Jun 1983-01 Dec 1987
23 Oct - 21 Nov 1983
[Grenada]
• Operation ELDORADO CANYON --
• Operation ERNEST WILL --
• Operation JUST CAUSE --
12 - 17 Apr 1986 [Libya]
24 Jul 1987-02 Aug 1990
[Persian Gulf]
20 Dec 1989-31 Jan 1990
[Panama]
• Operation RESTORE HOPE &
  Operation UNITED SHIELD --
• Operation UPHOLD DEMOCRACY --
• Operation JOINT ENDEAVOR --

05 Dec 1992-31 Mar 1995
[Somalia]
10 Sep 1994-31 Mar 1995
[Haiti]
20 Nov 1995-19 Dec 1996
[Former Yugoslavia]
(DoD approved in addition to the AFSM)
• Operation SOUTHERN WATCH --


01 Dec 1995-18 Mar 2003 [SW Asia]
(For OSW service between 11 Sep 01-18 Mar 03 may elect to receive
GWOTEM
instead of AFEM)
• Operation MARITIME INTERCEPT -- 01 Dec 1995-18 Mar 2003 [SW Asia]
(For OMI service between 11 Sep 01-18 Mar 03 may elect to receive
GWOTEM
instead of AFEM)
• Operation VIGILANT SENTINEL --
• Operation INTRINSIC ACTION &
  Operation IRIS GOLD --
01 Dec 1995-15 Feb 1997 [SW Asia]

01 Dec 1995-15 Feb 1997
31 Dec 1997-15 Jul 1998
11 Nov - 22 Dec 1998
• Operation JOINT GUARD -- 20 Dec 1996-20 Jun 1998 [Former Yugoslavia]
(DoD approved in addition to the AFSM)
• Operation NORTHERN WATCH -- 01 Jan 1997-18 Mar 2003 [SW Asia]
(For ONW service between 11 Sep 01-18 Mar 03 may elect to receive
GWOTEM
instead of AFEM)
• Operation JOINT FORGE --
21 Jun 1998-02 Dec 2004
[Bosnia-Herzegovina and Croatia, their air space, and in the Adriatic Sea]
(See also AFSM)
• Operation DESERT THUNDER --
• Operation DESERT FOX --
• Operation DESERT SPRING --
11 Nov - 22 Dec 1998
16 Dec - 22 Dec 1998
31 Dec 1998-18 Mar 2003
(For ODS service between 11 Sep 01-18 Mar 03 may elect to receive
GWOTEM
instead of AFEM)
• Operation SECURE TOMORROW --

• Operation JOINT GUARDIAN,
  TF FALCON, & NATO HQ --
29 Feb-15 Jun 2004 [Haiti]
(See also HSM)


01 JAN 2014-DBA
[Former Yugoslavia; NATO HQ in Sarajevo]
(See also KCM)


Designed by Jay C. Morris, The Institute of Heraldry, U.S. Army.

 



Vietnam Service Medal

Vietnam Service Medal

Established by order of President Lyndon Johnson, 01 Oct 1965.

Awarded for service in Vietnam
and contiguous waters or airspace
after 03 Jul 1965 and through 30 Apr 1975.


Service in direct support of Vietnam from Thailand, Laos, and Cambodia is also eligible.

The bronze Arrowhead Device may be worn to denote actual participation in a combat parachute jump, helicopter assault landing, or amphibious assault landing.

One 3/16-inch bronze Service Star may be worn for each named campaign;
one 3/16-inch silver service star in lieu of five bronze:

• Vietnam Advisory Campaign --
• Vietnam Defense Campaign --
• Vietnam Counteroffensive Campaign --
15 Mar 1962-07 Mar 1965
08 Mar - 24 Dec 1965
25 Dec 1965-30 Jun 1966
• Vietnam Counteroffensive, Phase II --
• Vietnam Counteroffensive, Phase III --
• Tet Counteroffensive --
01 Jul 1966-31 May 1967
01 Jun 1967-29 Jan 1968
30 Jan - 01 Apr 1968
• Vietnam Counteroffensive, Phase IV --
• Vietnam Counteroffensive, Phase V --
• Vietnam Counteroffensive, Phase VI --
02 Apr - 30 Jun 1968
01 Jul - 01 Nov 1968
02 Nov 1968-22 Feb 1969
• Tet 69 Counteroffensive --
• Vietnam Summer-Fall 1969 --
• Vietnam Winter-Spring 1970 --
23 Feb - 08 Jun 1969
09 Jun - 31 Oct 1969
01 Nov 1969-30 Apr 1970
• Sanctuary Counteroffensive --
• Vietnam Counteroffensive, Phase VII --
• Consolidation I --
01 May - 30 Jun 1970
01 Jul 1970-30 Jun 1971
01 Jul - 30 Nov 1971
• Consolidation II --
• Vietnam Cease-Fire Campaign --
• Operation FREQUENT WIND --
01 Dec 1971-29 Mar 1972
30 Mar 1972-28 Jan 1973
29 - 30 Apr 1975



Designed by Mercedes Lee, The Institute of Heraldry, U.S. Army.





Southwest Asia Service Medal


Southwest Asia Service Medal

Established by order of President George H.W. Bush, 13 MAR 1991.

Awarded to U.S. Armed Forces personnel who served in the Persian Gulf area

from 02 AUG 1990 to 30 NOV 1995;

The bronze Arrowhead Device may be worn to denote actual participation in a combat parachute jump,
helicopter assault landing, or amphibious assault landing.

3/16-inch bronze Service Stars awarded for the following campaigns:

• Defense of Saudi Arabia (Op DESERT SHIELD) --
• Liberation and Defense of Kuwait
(Op DESERT STORM) --
• Southwest Asia Cease-Fire Campaign --
02 Aug 1990-16 Jan 1991
17 Jan - 11 Apr 1991
12 Apr 1991-30 Nov 1995
• Operation PROVIDE COMFORT -- 01 Jun 1992-30 Nov 1995



Designed by Nadine Russell, The Institute of Heraldry, U.S. Army.





Kosovo Campaign Medal


Kosovo Campaign Medal

Established by order of President Bill Clinton, 03 MAY 2000.

Awarded to U.S. Armed Forces personnel who served in direct support of Kosovo operations.

A 3/16-inch bronze Service Star shall be worn on the suspension and service ribbon
for qualified participation during campaigns:

• KOSOVO AIR CAMPAIGN -- 24 Mar - 10 Jun 1999
• KOSOVO DEFENSE CAMPAIGN -- 11 Jun 1999-31 Dec 2013


Meeting qualifications in each of the two campaigns warrants two service stars.

Approved operations and task forces with inclusive dates:

• Operation ALLIED FORCE --
• Operation NOBLE ANVIL --
• Task Force SABER --
24 Mar - 10 Jun 1999
24 Mar - 20 Jul 1999
31 Mar - 08 Jul 1999
• Task Force HUNTER --
• Operations SUSTAIN HOPE/SHINING HOPE --
• Operation ALLIED HARBOR --
01 Apr - 01 Nov 1999
04 Apr - 10 Jul 1999
04 Apr - 01 Sep 1999
• Task Force HAWK --
• Operation JOINT GUARDIAN --
• Task Force FALCON --
05 Apr - 24 Jun 1999
11 Jun 1999-31 Dec 2013
11 Jun 1999-31 Dec 2013

The Secretary of Defense also approved award to the following U.S. Naval vessels:

• USS Albuquerque (SSN 706) • USS Nicholson (DD 982)
• USS Boise (SSN 764) • USS Norfolk (SSN 714)
• USS Gonzalez (DDG 66) • USS Philippine Sea (CG 58)
• USS Miami (SSN 755)




Designed by The Institute of Heraldry, U.S. Army.


 

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