.United States Army Service Medals Page 2



China Campaign Medal

Authorized by Congress and signed into law by President Theodore Roosevelt, 11 Jan 1905.

Awarded for service ashore with the U.S. Peking Relief Expedition,
during
the Boxer Rebellion, and between 02 Jun 1900 and 27 May 1901.

Names and dates of campaigns:

• Tientsin -- 13 Jul 1900
• Yang-tsun -- 06 Aug 1900
• Peking -- 14 - 15 Aug 1900
   

Designed by noted sculptor Francis D. Millet.

 



Army of Cuban Pacification Medal

Authorized by Congress and signed into law by President William Howard Taft, 11 May 1909.

Awarded for service in Cuba
between 06 Oct 1906 and 01 Apr 1909.
 

Designed by the Quartermaster General's Office, U.S. Army.

 



Mexican Service Medal

Authorized by Congress and signed into law by President Woodrow Wilson, 12 Dec 1917.

Awarded for service against hostile Mexicans
between 12 Apr 1911 and 16 Jun 1917.
 

Designed by COL J.R.M. Taylor, U.S. Army.

 



Mexican Border Service Medal

Authorized by Congress and signed into law by President Woodrow Wilson, 09 Jul 1918.

Awarded for service in the Mexican Border Patrol, by the National Guard,
from 09 May 1916 to 24 Mar 1917 and,
by the Regular Army, from 01 Jan 1916 to 06 Apr 1917.

 

Obverse designed by COL J.R.M. Taylor, U.S. Army.
Reverse designed by Bailey, Banks, and Biddle

 



Victory Medal, World War I

Authorized by Congress and signed into law by President Woodrow Wilson, in April 1919.

Awarded to members of the U.S. Army, Navy, and Marine Corps
for service between;

  • 06 APR 1917 and 11 NOV 1918,
  • 12 NOV 1918 and 05 AUG 1919, American Expeditionary Forces in European Russia,
  • 12 NOV 1918 and 01 APR 1920, American Expeditionary Forces in Siberia.
Before the World War, it was customary for nations to award medals to troops of Allied Nations.
Since the numbers involved in WW1 made this nearly impossible, the Allies settled upon a unique compromise;
the same ribbon would be used to suspend a pendant portraying 'Winged Victory', each country to select its own artist.


Bronze clasps (Battle Clasps or Service Clasps) may be worn for service, support,
or battle participation on the Medal's suspension ribbon.
3/16-inch bronze Service Stars are worn,
on the service ribbon, denoting corresponding Battle Casps awarded.

Battle Clasps
Service Clasps
★ CAMBRAI ★
20 NOV - 04 DEC 1917

( ENGLAND )

★ SOMME DEFENSIVE ★
21 MAR - 06 APR 1918

( FRANCE )

★ LYS ★
09 - 27 APR 1918

( ITALY )

★ AISNE ★
27 MAY - 05 JUN 1918
( RUSSIA )
★ MONTDIDIER-NOYON ★
09 - 13 JUN 1918
( SIBERIA )
★ CHAMPAGNE-MARNE ★
18 JUL - 06 AUG 1918
★ AISNE-MARNE ★
15 - 18 JUL 1918
★ SOMME OFFENSIVE ★
08 AUG - 11 NOV 1918
★ OISE-AISNE ★
18 AUG - 11 NOV 1918
★ YPRES-LYS ★
19 AUG - 11 NOV 1918
★ ST. MIHIEL ★
12 - 16 SEP 1918
★ MEUSE-ARGONNE ★
26 SEP - 11 NOV 1918
★ VITTORIA VENETO ★
24 OCT - 04 NOV 1918
★ DEFENSIVE SECTOR ★
~

 

One silver Citation Star was worn for each Citation of Valor, worn above clasps on the suspension ribbon
and to the wearer's right of bronze Service Stars on the service ribbon.

Citation Stars were replaced by the Silver Star medal, in 1932.


Designed by award-winning sculptor James Earle Fraser.

 



Army of Occupation of Germany Medal,
World War I




The original ribbon, left, as presented to
General Pershing, had a wavy border
between the outer red and blue stripes.

However, due to the cost of production,
the border was straightened, right.

Authorized by Congress and signed into law by President Franklin Roosevelt, 21 Nov 1941.

Awarded to members of the U.S. Army, Navy, and Marine Corps, with shore duties in the
Occupation Forces, in Germany and Austria, from 12 Nov 1918 to 11 Jul 1923.

 

Designed by Trygve A. Rovelstad, renowned sculptor and designer.

 



American Defense Service Medal

Authorized by Congress and signed into law by President Franklin Roosevelt, 28 Jun 1941.

Awarded for service in the U.S. Armed Forces, for one year, during the 'Limited Emergency' proclaimed on 08 Sep 1939 or during the 'Unlimited Emergency' proclaimed on 27 May 1941.
 
The one year must have been served between 08 Sep 1939 and 07 Dec 1941.

The Foreign Service Clasp may be worn on the suspension ribbon to denote service overseas during this period; a bronze Service Star is worn on the service ribbon in lieu of the clasp..
 

Designed and Sculpted by Lee Oscar Lawrie, famous architectural sculptor.

 



Women's Army Corps Service Medal

Women's Army Corps Medal

Authorized by Congress and signed into law by President Franklin Roosevelt, 29 Jul 1943.

Awarded to women for service in both the:

  • Women's Army Auxiliary Corps
  • Women's Army Corps
20 Jul 1942 to 31 Aug 1943,
01 Sep 1943 to 02 Sep 1945.

 

Designed by Thomas Hudson Jones, The Institute of Heraldry, U.S. Army.

 



American Campaign Medal

American Campaign Medal ***

Created on 06 Nov 1942, by Executive Order 9265, issued by President Franklin Roosevelt.
Originally a ribbon-only award, upgraded to full medal in 1947.

Awarded for service in the U.S. Armed Forces, within the American Theater of Operations,
from 07 Dec 1941 to 02 Mar 1946.

One 3/16-inch bronze Service Star may be worn for each campaign in which participated:

  • Antisubmarine Combat Patrols
  • Ground Combat
  • Air Combat
07 Dec 1941-02 Sep 1945
07 Dec 1941-02 Sep 1945
07 Dec 1941-02 Sep 1945


Ribbon colors decoded:

  • Background; true blue represents the American Theater of Operations,
  • Center Grouping; red / white / blue represents the United States,
  • Left and Right Groupings; white / black represents Germany, red / white represents Japan.


Designed by Thomas Hudson Jones, The Institute of Heraldry, U.S. Army.
Reverse by Adolph A. Weinman, renowned architectural sculptor.



Asiatic-Pacific Campaign Medal

Asiatic-Pacific Campaign Medal ***

Created on 06 Nov 1942, by Executive Order 9265, issued by President Franklin Roosevelt.
Originally a ribbon-only award, upgraded to full medal in 1947.

Awarded for service in the U.S. Armed Forces, within the Asiatic-Pacific Theater of Operations,
from
07 Dec 1941 to 02 Mar 1946.


The bronze Arrowhead Device may be worn to denote actual participation in a
combat parachute jump or amphibious assault landing.

One 3/16-inch bronze Service Star may be worn for each campaign in which participated;
one silver Service Star is worn in lieu of five bronze:

• Philippine Islands --
• Burma, 1942 --
• Central Pacific --

07 Dec 1941-10 May 1942 [Bataan and Corregidor]
07 Dec 1941-26 May 1942
07 Dec 1941-06 Dec 1943 [Pearl Harbor Attack]
• East Indies --
• India-Burma --
• Air Offensive, Japan --
01 Jan - 22 Jul 1942
02 Apr 1942-28 Jan 1945
17 Apr 1942-02 Sep 1945 [Doolittle Raid]

• Aleutian Islands --
• China Defensive --
• Papua --

03 Jun 1942-24 Aug 1943
04 Jul 1942-04 May 1945
23 Jul 1942-23 Jan 1943
• Guadalcanal --
• New Guinea --
• Northern Solomons --
07 Aug 1942-21 Feb 1943
24 Jan 1943-31 Dec 1944
22 Feb 1943-21 Nov 1944 [Bougainville]
• Eastern Mandates --
• Bismarck Archipelago --
• Western Pacific --
31 Jan - 14 Jun 1944 [Kwajalein, Enewetak]
15 Dec 1943-27 Nov 1944 [Rabaul]
15 Jun 1944-02 Sep 1945 [Saipan, Iwo Jima]

• Leyte --
• Luzon --
• Central Burma --

17 Oct 1944-01 Jul 1945 [Return to the Philippines]
15 Dec 1944-04 Jul 1945
29 Jan - 15 Jul 1945
• Southern Philippines --
• Ryukyus --
• China Offensive --
27 Feb-04 Jul 1945
26 Mar-02 Jul 1945 [Okinawa]
05 May-02 Sep 1945
 


Ribbon colors decoded:

  • Background; yellow-orange represents the final setting of the "Rising Sun" (Japanese Imperialism),
  • Center Grouping; red / white / blue represents the United States,
  • Left and Right Groupings; white / red / white represents Japan.


Designed by Thomas Hudson Jones, The Institute of Heraldry, U.S. Army.
Reverse by Adolph A. Weinman, renowned architectural sculptor.

 



European-African-Middle Eastern Campaign Medal

European-African-Middle East Campaign Medal ***

Created on 06 Nov 1942, by Executive Order 9265, issued by President Franklin Roosevelt.
Originally a ribbon-only award, upgraded to full medal in 1947.

Awarded for service in the U.S. Armed Forces, within the European-African-Middle Eastern
Theater of Operations, from
07 Dec 1941 to 08 Nov 1945.

The bronze Arrowhead Device may be worn to denote actual participation in a
combat parachute jump or amphibious assault landing.

One 3/16-inch bronze Service Star may be worn for each campaign in which participated;
one silver Service Star is worn in lieu of five bronze:

• Egypt-Libya --
• European Air Offensive --
• Algeria-French Morocco --
11 Jun 1942-12 Feb 1943
04 Jul 1942-05 Jun 1944
08 - 11 Nov 1942 [Operation TORCH]
• Tunisia --
• Sicily --
• Naples-Foggia --
17 Nov 1942-13 May 1943
09 Jul - 17 Aug 1943 [Operation HUSKY]
18 Aug 1943-21 Jan 1944
(Air Campaign),
• Naples-Foggia --
• Anzio --
• Rome-Arno --
09 Sep 1943-21 Jan 1944 (Ground Campaign)
22 Jan - 24 May 1944
22 Jan - 09 Sep 1944 [Monte Cassino]
• Normandy --
• Northern France --
• Southern France --
06 Jun - 24 Jul 1944 [Operation OVERLORD]
25 Jul - 14 Sep 1944
15 Aug - 14 Sep 1944
• Northern Apennines --
• Rhineland --
• Ardennes-Alsace --
10 Sep 1944-04 Apr 1945
15 Sep 1944-21 Mar 1945
16 Dec 1944-25 Jan 1945
[Battle of the Bulge]
• Central Europe --
• Po Valley --
22 Mar - 11 May 1945
05 Apr - 08 May 1945



Ribbon colors decoded:

  • Background; brown represents the sands of North Africa and the Middle East,
    green represents the forests and fields of Europe,
  • Center Grouping; red / white / blue represents the United States,
  • Left Grouping; green / white / red represents Italy,
  • Right Grouping; black / white represents Germany.


Designed by Thomas Hudson Jones, The Institute of Heraldry, U.S. Army.
Reverse by Adolph A. Weinman, renowned architectural sculptor.





*** Second World War Campaign Medal Ribbons
   
    Something else interesting about the previous three medals, their ribbons were ingeniously designed to be readily recognized even in black & white photography. The arrangements of the left and right stripe-groupings make them unmistakable in the portrait photography of the day.


Service Ribbons of the Three WWII Campaign Medals, in Color
Color View


Black & White View

 



Victory Medal, World War II

WW2 Victory Medal

Authorized by Congress and signed into law by President Franklin Roosevelt, 09 Jul 1945.

A warded to members of the U.S. Armed Forces
for service between 07 Dec 1941 and 31 Dec 1946.
 

Designed by Thomas Hudson Jones, The Institute of Heraldry, U.S. Army.




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