.United States Army Service Medals Page 1.




The Prisoner of War Medal


Prisoner of War Medal

Authorized by Congress and signed into law by President Ronald Reagan, 08 Nov 1985.

"... for all U.S. Military Personnel who were Taken Prisoner of War after 05 APR 1917,
during an Armed Conflict, and who Served Honorably during the Period of Captivity."

Second and subsequent awards are denoted by 3/16-inch bronze Service Stars.
 

Designed by Jay C. Morris, The Institute of Heraldry, U.S. Army.

 



The Good Conduct Medal
(GCM)

Good Conduct Medal

Authorized by Congress and signed into law by President Franklin Roosevelt, 28 Jun 1941.

"For enlisted personnel who, on or after 27 Aug 1940, had or shall have honorably completed three years of active federal military service or who, after 07 Dec 1941, have or shall have honorably served one year of federal military service while the United States is at war."

A metal clasp, 1/8-inch by 1 3/8-inches, of bronze, silver, or gold indicates second and subsequent awards.

(Awarded to U.S. Air Force personnel until 1963)

01 Sep 1982; Active Guard Reserve personnel became eligible for award of the Good Conduct Medal. For Active Guard Reserve personnel, the Good Conduct Medal qualification period may commence at a time during the three years immediately preceding the 01 Sep 1982 effective date, provided no portion of service for the Good Conduct Medal is included in a period of service for which the Army Reserve Components Achievement Medal was awarded.
 
08 Feb 2005; For Reserve Component Soldiers mobilized onto active duty, service for the GCM begins the first day on active duty and ends the last day of active duty.  The service for the ARCAM ends the first day of active duty and starts over, from day one, on the day after the Soldier is off active duty.

Designed by award-winning sculptor Joseph Kiselewski.


 



Army Reserve Components Achievement Medal
(ARCAM)

Reserve Achievement Medal

Authorized by Congress and signed into law by President Richard Nixon, 03 March 1971, and amended by DA General Orders 4, in 1974.

Awarded to enlisted personnel of U.S. Army Reserve Troop Program units or Army National Guard Troop Program  units or AGR officers, of Colonel and below, for satisfactory service, above that expected, for a period of four years; from 03 MAR 1972 to 25 FEB 1995. After 25 FEB 1995, only three years are required.

08 Feb 2005; For Reserve Component Soldiers mobilized onto active duty, service for the GCM begins the first day on active duty and ends the last day of active duty.  The service for the ARCAM ends the first day of active duty and starts over, from day one, on the day after the Soldier is off active duty.

Second and subsequent awards denoted by bronze Oak Leaf Clusters; a silver oak leaf cluster in lieu of five bronze.

Designed by Arnold P. Simmons, The Institute of Heraldry, U.S. Army.

 



Civil War Campaign Medal

  The original 1905 ribbon, left, was
red, white, and blue.


In 1913, the ribbon was changed
to its present colors, right.
Civil War Campaign Medal

Authorized by Congress and signed into law by President Theodore Roosevelt, on 11 Jan 1905,
for those personnel who served in the United States or Confederate States Armed Forces during the Civil War.

One silver Citation Star was worn for each Citation of Valor, these were replaced by the Silver Star medal in 1932.
However, only six Silver Citation Stars were retroactively authorized for gallantry in action during the Civil War.

These were awarded to the following individuals:
BG John A. Kress; 25th New York Vol. Infantry Rgt.,
94th New York Vol. Infantry Rgt., and
United States Army Ordnance Corps.
CPT Charles G. Conn; Co. B, 15th Indiana Vol. Infantry Rgt. and
Co. G, 1st Rgt. of Michigan Vol. Sharpshooters.
CPT Alar M. Wheeler; Co. B, 21st New York Vol. Infantry Rgt.
1SG George F. Goldthwait; Co. A, 31st Maine Vol. Infantry Rgt.
Bugler William G. Willi; Co. I, 15th Missouri Vol. Infantry Rgt.
PVT William T. Harris; Co. A, 179th New York Vol. Infantry Rgt.


Names and dates of campaigns:

• Sumter --
• Bull Run --
• Henry & Donelson --
12 - 13 Apr 1861
16 - 22 Jul 1861
06 - 16 Feb 1862
• Mississippi River --
• Peninsula --
• Shiloh --
06 Feb 1862-09 Jul 1863
17 Mar - 03 Aug 1862
06 - 07 Apr 1862
• Valley --
• Manassas --
• Antietam --
15 May - 17 Jun 1862
07 Aug - 02 Sep 1862
03 - 17 Sep 1862
• Fredericksburg --
• Murfreesborough --
• Chancellorsville --
09 Nov - 15 Dec 1862
26 Dec 1862-04 Jan 1863
27 Apr - 06 May 1863
• Gettysburg --
• Vicksburg --
• Chickamauga --
29 Jun - 03 Jul 1863
29 Mar - 04 Jul 1863
16 Aug - 22 Sep 1863
• Chattanooga --
• Wilderness --
• Atlanta --
23 - 27 Nov 1863
04 - 07 May 1864
07 May - 02 Sep 1864
• Spotsylvania --
• Cold Harbor --
• Petersburg --
08 - 21 May 1864
22 May - 03 Jun 1864
04 Jun 1864-02 Apr 1865
• Shenandoah --
• Franklin --
• Nashville --
07 Aug - 28 Nov 1864
17 - 30 Nov 1864
01 - 16 Dec 1864
• Appomattox -- 03 - 09 Apr 1865


Designed by noted sculptor Francis D. Millet.

 



Indian Campaign Medal


The original ribbon, left, was red with
a thin, dark red stripe at each edge.


In 1917, the ribbon was changed
to its present colors, right.

Authorized by Congress and signed into law by President Theodore Roosevelt, on 11 Jan 1905.

Awarded for service against
the American Indian Tribes from 1865 to 1891.

Dates and names of campaigns:
• 1865-68
• 1867-69
• 1872-73
-- Northern CA & NV, ID & Southern OR
--
CO, Indian Terr., & KS; against the Arapahos, Cheyennes, Commanches, and Kiowas
-- The Modoc War
• 1873
• 1874-75
• 1876-77
-- Arizona; against the Apaches
-- CO, KS, NM, OK, & TX; against the Cheyennes, Commanches, and Kiowas
-- Against the Northern Cheyennes and Sioux
• 1877
• 1878
• 1878-79
-- The Nez Perce War
-- The Bannock War
-- Against the Northern Cheyennes
• 1879
• 1879-80
• 1885-86
-- Against the Sheep-Eaters, Piutes, and Bannocks
-- CO; against the Utes
-- AZ; against the Apaches
• 1890-91
• 1865-91
-- Against the Sioux
-- Any action against hostile Indians in which U.S troops were killed or wounded

 


Designed by noted sculptor Francis D. Millet.

 



Spanish Campaign Medal

The original ribbon, left, had a wide,
center stripe of yellow, flanked by
narrow red stripes (denoting the Spanish
flag), edged with thin blue stripes.

In 1917, the ribbon was changed to its
present colors, right, so as not to offend
our Spanish Allies in the First World War.

Authorized by Congress and signed into law by President Theodore Roosevelt, on 11 Jan 1905,
for service ashore in Cuba, Puerto Rico, or the Philippine Islands, or enroute thereto on the high seas, during 1898.

Names and dates of campaigns:

• Santiago (Cuba) --
• Puerto Rico --
• Manila (Philippine Islands) --
11 May - 17 Jul 1898
24 Jul - 13 Aug 1898
30 Jun - 16 Aug 1898

Designed by noted sculptor Francis D. Millet.

 



Spanish War Service Medal

Authorized by Congress and signed into law by President Woodrow Wilson, 09 Jul 1918.

Awarded for service between 20 Apr 1898 and 11 Apr 1899
in the War with Spain. Awarded to those not eligible to receive the Spanish Campaign Medal.

 

Obverse designed by COL J.R.M. Taylor, U.S. Army.
Reverse designed by Bailey, Banks, and Biddle.

 



Army of Cuban Occupation Medal

Authorized by Congress and signed into law by President Woodrow Wilson, in June 1915.

Awarded for service with the U.S. Occupation Forces in Cuba
from 18 Jul 1898 to 20 May 1902.

 

Designed by noted sculptor Francis D. Millet.

 



Army of Puerto Rican Occupation Medal

Authorized by Congress and signed into law by President Woodrow Wilson, 04 Feb 1919.

Awarded for service with the U.S. Occupation Forces in Puerto Rico

from 14 Aug 1898 to 10 Dec 1898.

 

Designed by noted sculptor Francis D. Millet.

 



Philippine Campaign Medal

Authorized by Congress and signed into law by President Theodore Roosevelt, 11 Jan 1905.

Awarded for service in the Philippine Islands,
against hostile natives, between 04 Feb 1899 and 31 Dec 1913.

Names and dates of campaigns:

• Manila --
• Iloilo --
• Malolos --
04 Feb - 17 Mar 1899.
08 - 12 Feb 1899.
24 Mar - 16 Aug 1899.
• Laguna de Bay --
• San Isidro --

• Zapote River --
08 - 17 Apr 1899.
12 Apr - 30 May 1899;
15 Oct - 19 Nov 1899.

13 Jun 1899.
• Cavite --

• Tarlac --
• San Fabian --
07 - 13 Oct 1899;
04 Jan - 9 Feb 1900.

05 - 20 Nov 1899.
06 - 19 Nov 1899.
• Mindanao --

• Jolo --



04 Jul 1902-31 Dec 1904;
22 Oct 1905.

01 - 24 May 1905;
06-08 Mar 1906;
06 Aug 1906;
11-15 Jun 1913.

Designed by noted sculptor Francis D. Millet.

 



Philippine Congressional Medal

Authorized by Congress and signed into law by President Theodore Roosevelt, 29 Jun 1906.

Awarded for service between 1899 and 1902 and beyond the date
on which entitled to discharge, during the War with Spain, to help suppress the Philippine Insurrection.

 

Designed by noted sculptor Francis D. Millet.

 

 


 

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