Individual Awards of the
Generals of America

General Scott ~ 1848
LG Scott, 1866.

Born near Petersburg, VA,
on 13 June 1786
Died at West Point, NY,
on 29 May 1866


General Scott ~ 1862
LG Scott, 1861.

 

 


LG Scott, 1857.

 

 


MG Scott, 1848.

 

 


BG Scott, 1835.

 

 


BG Scott, 1814.

 

General-in-Chief / Lieut. Gen. Winfield Scott, USA

Military Governor of Mexico City;
Commander-in-Chief, U.S. Army in Mexico;
General-in-Chief, U.S. Army


Congressional Gold Medal (table top medal)

Wounded in Action at Battle of Lundy's Lane, Ontario
Prisoner of War at Battle of Queenston Heights, Ontario
Commanded Combat Troops in the War of 1812
Commanded Combat Troops in the Black Hawk War
Commanded Combat Troops in the Second Seminole War
Commanded Combat Troops in the War with Mexico
Commanded Combat Troops in the Civil War

General Scott opposed wearing medals on the United States Army uniform. He thought medals to be a European ostentation and never allowed it during his term as General-in-Chief. From retirement, he sought even to stifle the creation of the Medal of Honor.

He was the longest serving general in United States history; promoted to Brigadier General in 1814, Major General and General-in-Chief in 1841, [Brevet] Lieutenant General (the first since George Washington) in 1856, and served until his resignation in 1861. Known as "Old Fuss and Feathers", for his demands of strict military discipline and appearance and the "Grand Old Man of the Army", for his lengthy time of service. Most historians rate him the ablest American commander of his time.

Scott translated several Napoleonic manuals from French into English and published Abstract of Infantry Tactics, Including Exercises and Maneuvers of Light-Infantry and Riflemen, for the Use of the Militia of the United States in 1830. In 1840, Scott wrote Infantry Tactics, or, Rules for the Exercise and Maneuver of the United States Infantry. This three-volume work was the standard drill manual for the U.S. Army until 1855. General Scott was very interested in the professional development of the cadets of the U.S. Military Academy at West Point.

During the War with Mexico, Scott won the battles of Cerro Gordo, Contreras/Padierna, Churubusco, and Molino del Rey, then assaulted the Fort of Chapultepec on 13 Sep 1847, after which the city surrendered. As Military Governor of Mexico City, he was held in high esteem by both Mexican and American authorities alike.

When the Civil War broke out, Scott did not believe that a quick victory was possible for Federal forces. He was virtually alone in his belief. Less experienced generals, political advisors, and the news media in the North all believed in a quick victory. Scott's insistance on a measured response and strict adherence to his original plan made him unpopular and gave the outward appearance of the slowness of age and cowardace. Lincoln asked for his resignation. General Scott's long-term plan to defeat the Confederacy; occupying key terrain, such as the Mississippi River and key ports on the Atlantic coast and the Gulf of Mexico, and then moving on Atlanta, the 'Anaconda Plan', turned out to be the actual strategy used by the Federal forces.
General Scott was right again. He may have gotten more recognition for this, had he lived longer after war's end.

Scott served every president from Thomas Jefferson to Abraham Lincoln, a total of fourteen administrations, and was an active-duty general during thirteen of them.

 

General Scott's Legacy

Lieutenant General
Winfield Scott Statue


Scott Circle,
Washington, D.C.
   
First U.S. Postage Stamp Honoring
LG Winfield Scott
1870
U.S. Postage Stamp,
Army Issue of 1937

MG Andrew Jackson and
LG Winnfield Scott
   

Scott County, Iowa
Scott County, Kansas
Scott County, Minnesota
Scott County, Tennessee
Scott County, Viginia
Cerra Gordo County, Iowa

Winfield, Alabama
Winfield, Illinois
Winfield, Indiana
Winfield, West Virginia
Scott Depot, West Virginia
Scott Township, Mahaska County, Iowa
Churubusco, Indiana
Fort Scott, Kansas
Lake Winnfield Scott, Georgia
Mount Scott, Oklahoma
 
SS Winfield Scott  (1850)  side-paddle passenger steamship
SS Winfield Scott  (1941)  U.S. Liberty Ship
USAV MG Winfield Scott  (LT-805)  U.S. Army Large Tugboat
   
"Great Scott!" is an exclamation of amazement or dismay. Maybe because it was inoffensive, it has been widely used in popular fiction; including the works of Mark Twain, the stories of Superman, by Nigel Bruce as Dr. John H. Watson, by Joseph Kearns as Mr. George Wilson, by Barry Bostwick as Brad Majors, and by Christopher Lloyd as Dr. Emmett Brown.

One likely source of this exclamation is as a reference to General-in-Chief of the U.S. Army Winfield Scott. At the outset of the Civil War, General Scott had been the chief general of the Army for 20 years, a general officer for over 45 years, hero of the Mexican War, and an Indian fighter. He was simultaneously feared and admired by soldiers, authors, and newspaper columnists. Near the end of his life, he also weighed in excess of 300 lbs.
   

Scott's Oriole

Icterus parisorum

 

 

Copyright (c) RWD Ploessl

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